The Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated on June 28 1914. This event was the key turning points in twentieth century history. The Archduke, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was shot in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip. The assassin was a member of the Black Hand gang, a Serbian nationalists group, whose aim was to free Serbia of the rule of the Austro-Hungarian empire.
July 23, 2015
July 19, 2015
|Eamonn de Valera genuflecting at the feet of Bishop John Charles McQuaid|
"Religious discrimination, like all discrimination, undermines the dignity of the human person. In this case religious discrimination in our education system has undermined the human rights of parents and their children. It also denies atheists and religious minorities from their right to access the teaching profession in a democratic Republic without religious discrimination.
July 18, 2015
|Chatting with Fintan O'Toole|
One, there is more to Northern Ireland that monolithic Protestant-Unionist and monolithic Catholic-Nationalist:
July 09, 2015
|A cartoon of Belfast's Culture Night by Ian Knox|
July 08, 2015
|John Hewitt, Ulster poet, at a 12th July march|
'The lambeg balloons at his belly, weighs
Him back on his haunches, lodging thunder
Grossly there between his chin and his knees.
He is raised up by what he buckles under.
July 07, 2015
|Belfast born Pat Storey at the 1916 commemoration event,|
"It is not a part of my story. But I want, and I need, to try to understand it. I need to walk in your shoes generously. [It meant] relating to the commemorations of your community when I would rather remember wrongs done to mine."
July 06, 2015
Born in Edinburgh of Irish Parents, James Connolly was a one-time British soldier turned Irish revolutionary leader who headed the Easter Rising of 1916. Connolly wrote 'July the 12th', published in Forward on July 12 1913, where he described his visit to a 12th July march:
"As this Saturday is the 12th of July, and as I am supposed to be writing about the North of Ireland in particular, it becomes imperative that I say something about this great and glorious festival.
July 05, 2015
|COI Dean Victor Griffin who opposed the Protestant ascendency in the North and the Catholic ascendancy in the South, was the first public representative of new-look Protestantism in Ireland said Roy Foster|
|Being born middle class but believing you're loyalist.|
July 02, 2015
Conor Cruise O'Brien - The church and school helps to encourage, exalt and extend tribal-sectarian self-righteousness
|Cartoon of Conor Cruise O'Brien|
[UPDATE - John Hume wrote in The Irish Times, May 18 1964, "Bigotry and a fixation about religious divisions are the first thing that strike any visitor to the North."]
Our parents are patrons of prejudice, bequeathers of bigotry. Churches and chapels inculcate hate.
He was that Irish essayist and polemicist so "sorely deficient in Anglophobia". Conor Cruise O'Brien (who was satirised in the 'Gentle Black and Tans'), drew across the grain on so many issues. He was the arch-"revisionist", a charge he countered here. A controversialist and a man of irrepressible energies, we sorely lack his type today.